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9 Types Of Computer Viruses That You Should Know About – And How To Avoid Them

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Being a long-term recipient of them myself, I could say with certainty that every one of us hates to be on the receiving end of viruses. While the infection that they cause to our computer and the files that they disturb are quantifiable, one thing that is beyond comprehension is the mental stress that they cause.

However, despite the aforementioned factors, only a small percentage of us want to look at the other side of the picture. However, thanks to the researchers who have spent a lot of time in this field, people like me could now concur about the programming of this viruses, along with their transmission mechanism and damage causing ability.

Even if you belong to that group of Computer users who think that learning about computer viruses isn’t worth your time – as you leave it to your antivirus like Soft2Secure to remove ransomware, let me assure you that there are some viruses that bypass the security system of your device. Thus, if you want to know what to do when such a situation arises, read on as we have got some very useful tips for you.

Here are 9 Computer Viruses that you should know about:

1. Boot Sector Virus.

Even though this virus has now become obsolete, it still pops out in one way or the other. This virus got attention when floppy disks were used to boot a computer. In modern computers, this virus could appear on the “Master Boot Record”. In the partitioned storage device of your computer, it is the first sector to take place.

However, thanks to the fact evolution of Internet, the threat of this virus is now mitigated.

2. Web Scripting Virus.

Similar to the hyperlinks that we used in Microsoft Word, many websites rest on codes to provide engaging content to their users. For example, since the trends of watching videos online have now become very popular – more than 2 Billion Videos are streamed on Facebook every day, these videos also execute a specific code.

These codes can be exploited and it is very troublesome to note that this exploitation has taken place on some very notable sites. All the hackers have to do it to leave a comment in the Comments Section of the website which contains that code. Thus, even without the Webmaster knowing it, the code gets exerted into the site.

3. Browser Hijacker.

Ever faced a problem where the homepage of your web page gets automatically directed to a particular site? Well, that is the most common way by which this ransomware hijacks your browser.

While its visual effects might epitomize the threat, this hijacker is nothing more than a tactic to increase income from web ads. However, if you still want to clean your computer from this virus, give Soft2Secure a go.

4. Resident Virus.

After inserting itself directing into the memory of your system, this virus has the capability to take a number of actions. One of its more troublesome features is its ability to run away. Leaving behind the file which was originally infected, this virus has the ability to run on its own.

5. Direct Action Virus.

Similar to the Vienna virus which shocked computers in 1998, this virus comes into action after you have executed the file. The load is delivered to your computer and the virus becomes active.

However, this virus has a limitation. It takes no action unless the file which is infected gets implemented again.

6. Polymorphic Virus.

One of the factors that epitomize the usefulness of this virus is its ability to evade. The Antivirus programs that are enabled on our computers detect the presence of any virus by detecting its code.

Polymorphic virus has exploited this limitation beautifully as it changes its code every time the infected file is executed. Thus, it becomes nearly impossible for any ordinary antivirus to track it down.

7. File Infector Virus.

Although the word “file” in its name might suggest otherwise, this virus does not take the help of files every time. In fact, the file is only the starting point as the file infector dwarfs the first file after which it re-writes the file.

8. Multipartite Virus.

If you have read carefully the aforementioned viruses, you might have noticed that they use two methods for their transmission. Either they use one method or a single payload is delivered.

However, this virus wants to claim both. Depending upon the operating system of your computer or the files that exist on your computer, it might use any of the two methods to spread.

9. Macro Virus.

Appearing in the form of a word document which seemingly links the user to pornographic websites, Melissa is one of the most known Micro Virus. Going one step further, this virus not only exploits the user but also his/her friends by mailing the copies of the infected virus document to the contact list.

If you feel that you know another significant type of virus, please feel free to let us know in the comments section.


Young Upstarts is a business and technology blog that champions new ideas, innovation and entrepreneurship. It focuses on highlighting young people and small businesses, celebrating their vision and role in changing the world with their ideas, products and services.

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  • diana onyango

    explain types of computer virus